BAGHDAD, At least 500,000 people have been killed in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan since the United States launched the war on terrorism after the September 11, 2001, attacks," said the report of the Watson Institute of International Relations at Brown University.
"This new figure shows an increase of 110,000 compared to a previous figure published in August 2016."
"Even if the war on terrorism is often neglected by the public, the press and US officials, the increase in deaths shows that this war is still severe," the report said.
The report includes civilians, insurgents, police and local security forces, as well as US military and Allied forces.
Iraq recorded the highest toll of civilian casualties (between 182,272 and 204,575) followed by Afghanistan (38480) and Pakistan (23,372) , and about 7,000 US troops have been killed in Iraq and Afghanistan.
"We can never know the direct outcome of these wars," said Nita Crawford, author of the report.
"For example, tens of thousands of civilians may have been killed while the Iraqi army and its Allies liberating Mosul and other cities that had been under the control of Daesh organization, but the bodies have not yet been found."
The report does not include indirect victims of conflict, including those killed due to diseases or lack of infrastructure.
Source: National Iraqi News Agency